Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Burrhus Frederic Skinner Essays -- B.F. Skinner Psychologists Psycholo
Burrhus Frederic SkinnerPeople do on a day to day basis, many actions without realizing it, and to the highest degree of the time, they dont know why they do them. Certain reinforcements, some positive, and some negative have conditioned their actions and thoughts. All organisms, including humans, are greatly influenced by the consequences produced by their own behavior. The environment holds the key to most of the changes that occur in the way a person behaves and a humans own behavior brings consequences that change his or her actions (B. F. Skinner). Dr. B.F. Skinner forged the possible action of Behaviorism, a school of psychology that rejects the unobservable and focuses on patterns of responses to external rewards and stimuli (Skinner, B. F.).Burrhus Frederic Skinner was born March 20, 1904, and raised in Susquehana, Pennsylvania, where his father worked as a lawyer and his mother was a strong and intelligent housewife (Boeree). Skinners parents encouraged him in his schoolwo rk, and he was well read as a babe (B. F. Skinner). B. F. was an active, out-going boy who loved the outdoors and building things, and actually enjoyed school (Boeree). He enjoyed literature and biology especially (B. F. Skinner). Skinner attended Hamilton College in novel York assign (R. W. Kentridge). He didnt fit in very well, not enjoying the fraternity parties or the football games. He wrote for school paper, including articles critical of the school, the faculty, and even Phi Beta Kappa To teetotum it off, he was an atheist in a school that required daily chapel attendance (Boeree). He continued to read widely and to pursue interests in literature and biology. He began to write a lot of fiction and poetry, and became known as an aspiring poet. After his junior year, he attended the Summer groom of English at Breadloaf, where he met Robert Frost (B. F. Skinner). When he graduated, he planned to spend a year writing a novel, except found that he had nothing to write about and suffered through what he would later refer to his dark year. Skinner considered pursuing graduate study in English, but eventually settled on psychology instead. The choice of psychology followed Skinners realization that what intrigued him about literature was actually human behavior, a egress he felt could be approached more suitably through science (B. F. Skinner). The writings of Frances Bacon had interested... ...ood and bad. He tested his theory by inventing the Skinner Box and operant behavior. With his theories and testing, people now know how the many actions they perform throughout the day, and why they perform them.Works CitedA Science Odyssey People and Discoveries B. F. Skinner. PBS. 15 May 2000. <http//www.pbs.org/wgbh.aso/databank/entries/bhskin.html>.B.F. Skinner. capital of Idaho State University. 9 May 2000. <http//education.boisestate.edu/FACHTML/cohort3/skinner.htm>.B.F. Skinner Foundation - Documents - A Brief Survey of Operant Behavior. The B.F S kinner Foundation. 14 May 2000. <http//www.bfskinner.org>.Boeree, Dr. C. George. B.F. Skinner. 9 May 2000. <http//www.ship.edu/cgboeree/skinner.html>.Leahey, doubting Thomas H. Skinner, B.F. Academic American Encyclopedia. 1995 ed.R. W. Kentridge. Skinner Box. 17 May 2000. <http//www.biozentrum.uni-wuerzburg.de/genetics/behavior/learning/Skinnerbox.html>.Skinner, B. F. 17 May 2000. <http//www.encyclopedia.com/articles/11954.html>.Skinner, B. F. About Behaviorism. New York Alfred A. Knopf, 1974.Skinner, B. F. Science and Human Behavior. New York Macmillian, 1953.